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How exercise can benefit your skeletal system


Are you struggling with osteoporosis? Do you understand how exercises can affect your skeletal system? This article will help provide you information on the benefits of exercise on your skeletal system.

“An oil-like substance called synovial fluid is produced by the synovial membranes in the body and it provides joint protection as well as keeping them healthy, nourished and lubricated.”

What are the overall benefits of a lifestyle change to manage osteoporosis? What are the specific effects, the physiological effects that exercises have on our skeletal system?

When we talk about the skeletal system, we talk about our bones, our joints, our ligaments and the cartilage that protects the joint from the wear and tear. 

So we’re going to have a look at the short and long term effect of exercise on the skeletal system now:

  1. Increased synovial fluid production. Bones have little to no blood supply, therefore to keep them nourished and healthy, your body produces an oil-like substance called synovial fluid. This is produced by synovial membranes and it provides joint protection and keeps it healthy, nourished and lubricated. Now in order to see the effects of it, you need to keep up and maintain a healthy and regular exercise routine to make sure that there’s a constant, steady flow of synovial fluid from your joints. 
  2. Increased range of motion. Increased synovial fluid production increases mobility within the joint, this is often experience after periods of inactivity. The joints feel a little bit stiffer and they lose some of their range of motion and they lose the ability to move fully freely. Therefore the more you move, the more synovial fluid is produced and the more mobile your joints are. 
  3. Increase bone density with high impact, weight-bearing exercises, placing strain on your bones. As the response to that strain, your body produces cells called osteoblasts, which are responsible for building your bones. As a result of that, the bones are being built stronger and denser which can be a huge benefit to preventing osteoporosis. 
  4. Stronger ligaments. This would be most important for people in higher risk groups, such as the elderly and women around the menopausal age. Bones are being held together by non-elastic strap-like structures called ligaments. These have very little to no blood supply. Therefore, any difference or benefit from the exercise will take a longer period of time to take effect. A result of a regular longtime routine is stronger ligaments, more stability, and less risk of misalignment of your joint.

These are the four main benefits of physical exercise on the skeletal system and bone health. 

Take a look at our video on How do these exercises affect the skeletal system created by Monika Sikora

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