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Ankle Sprains: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment


We’ve all been there – a misstep on a pavement, an awkward landing after a jump, or that cringe-worthy moment during a game when our foot just doesn’t land right. Yes, I’m talking about ankle sprains. Surprisingly prevalent among athletes and everyday folks alike, these pesky injuries might seem straightforward but can pack a punch in terms of pain and long-term effects.

Dive Deep: What’s in an Ankle?

Your ankle isn’t just a hinge between your foot and leg. It’s a sophisticated joint, known to the science folks as the talocrural joint, where the lower leg’s bones, the tibia and fibula, shake hands with the talus from your foot. Ensuring this joint doesn’t wobble are ligaments, which are like strong ropes binding the bones together. But just as ropes can fray when stretched too far, ligaments can get overstretched or even torn with too much force.

How Do Sprains Happen?

Here’s the thing – most ankle sprains are accidents. Maybe you stepped onto something uneven, or perhaps you were tackled during a soccer match. Common culprits include:

  • That unsuspecting stone on the path.
  • A not-so-graceful landing from a leap.
  • The unexpected clash with another player’s foot during a game.
  • Jogging on a trail that had more bumps than you anticipated.

Types of Sprains

Just as not all missteps are the same, sprains come in different flavours:

  • Grade I: Some stretching and minor ligament damage.
  • Grade II: A partial ligament tear. You’ll see some impressive swelling and it’s going to be tender.
  • Grade III: The ligament torn completely. It’s super painful and the ankle is not going to be too steady.


Most people recognize a sprain from the immediate pain. But there’s more:

  • Throbbing pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Feeling like your ankle’s on a wobble board.
  • Sometimes, a sound at the injury moment that you wish you could unhear.

Diagnosis and Management

If you’re suspecting a sprain, head to a doctor. They’ll do an assessment, and potentially take X-rays or MRIs if they’re concerned about fractures or want a closer look at the ligaments.

As for getting better, here’s the game plan:

  • The RICE Ritual: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
  • Painkillers
  • Physical Therapy
  • Braces or Tapes
  • Surgery: Reserved for when those ligaments really threw in the towel.

Staying Sprain-Free

After healing, you’d want to avoid a sequel. Strengthening exercises, proprioception, and investing in good footwear can keep sprains at bay. Also, if you’re into sports, consider some protective bracing and always be mindful of where you’re stepping.

Beware, though: if you keep twisting that ankle, it can become a chronic issue. That’s the kind of repeat performance nobody wants. Plus, nobody’s got time for potential osteoarthritis down the line.


In a nutshell, ankle sprains might be common, but that doesn’t mean they’re trivial. Look after yourself, and if your ankle does go “twist”, get it checked out. Remember, it’s not just about healing now, it’s about staying spry in the long run!

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This article was written by our team of specialist therapists at Perfect Balance Clinic. If you would like more specific advice about how our team can help you with this condition or symptoms you may be having, please complete the contact form below and one of the team will get back to you shortly.

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