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What Are The 3 Types Of Physiotherapy?


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Within the healthcare landscape, physiotherapy emerges as a multifaceted field that utilises physical techniques to enhance bodily function, expedite recovery, and alleviate discomfort. While Perfect Balance Clinic primarily focuses on musculoskeletal (MSK) physiotherapy, we recognize the significance of neurological and cardiothoracic physiotherapy as well. This article explores these three fundamental domains of physiotherapy, shedding light on their potential benefits for individuals seeking improved overall health.

Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

The most common type, deals with the musculoskeletal system, encompassing bones, muscles, and joints. Our MSK physiotherapists at Perfect Balance Clinic can assist with problems like back pain, neck pain, sports injuries, and healing after surgery. They use various techniques such as hands-on therapy, exercises, and electric therapy to alleviate discomfort and enhance mobility.

Another type of MSK physiotherapy, orthopaedic physiotherapy, can correct skeletal alignment, improve mobility, lessen pain, and heal damaged tissues. This particular type of physiotherapy offers noteworthy advantages, particularly for individuals undergoing the healing process after orthopaedic surgery or dealing with ongoing conditions like arthritis. Furthermore, sports physiotherapy, which represents a specialised form of MSK physiotherapy, focuses on enabling athletes to recover quicker from training, minimise the likelihood of injuries, and elevate their sports performance.

Neurological Physiotherapy

Concentrating on the comprehensive functioning of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, neurological physiotherapy plays a vital role. At Perfect Balance Clinic, our specialised neurological physiotherapists engage with individuals who have faced challenges associated with stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, and conditions like Parkinson’s disease and Cerebral Palsy. They utilise specialised techniques to enhance motor function, balance, and coordination.

As a subset of neurological physiotherapy, paediatric physiotherapy is specially designed to address disorders affecting children and adolescents, such as cerebral palsy, muscle diseases, birth defects, and developmental delays. Through the implementation of targeted exercises and treatments, it helps young individuals regain strength and mobility, enhance motor skills, and lead a life characterised by normalcy.

Cardiothoracic Physiotherapy

Cardiothoracic physiotherapy places its focus on the functioning of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Within Perfect Balance Clinic, our dedicated cardiothoracic physiotherapists offer assistance to patients suffering from conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and heart disease. They employ breathing exercises, airway clearance techniques, and exercise to enhance lung function and cardiovascular health.

This form of physiotherapy is particularly beneficial for patients recovering from cardiac arrest or heart surgery. It also helps manage obstructive pulmonary disorders and other breathing problems, guiding patients about breathing and heart-health-related exercises.


Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in healthcare by providing significant advantages in enhancing physical function, facilitating recovery, and alleviating discomfort. At Perfect Balance Clinic, we provide a wide array of physiotherapy options, placing special emphasis on musculoskeletal physiotherapy. Nevertheless, we also recognize the essential role that neurological and cardiothoracic physiotherapy play in delivering comprehensive care to our patients.

Whether you’re grappling with a sports injury, rebounding from a stroke, or managing a chronic respiratory condition, our proficient physiotherapists are available to accompany you on your endeavour to achieve improved health and well-being. Reach out to us now to arrange a consultation and initiate your transformative journey towards a healthier, happier you.

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This article was written by our team of specialist therapists at Perfect Balance Clinic. If you would like more specific advice about how our team can help you with this condition or symptoms you may be having, please complete the contact form below and one of the team will get back to you shortly.

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